NEW DELHI, February 3, 2016 /PRNewswire/ —
National and State Level Assessments Provide Incisive Understanding of Climate Resilient Interventions Required for Inclusive Green Growth
For Punjab’s agriculture, as a result of projected increase in temperature, an increase of 6 – 8% in evapotranspiration from crops is expected thereby increasing the irrigation requirement. In irrigation, there would be a deficit of 14.4 billion cubic metres (BCM) in 2030s unless crop diversification takes place. For Punjab, annual mean temperature is projected to increase by 1.2 – 1.4 degree(s)C for 2021-2050 period relative to 1971-2000.
As a result of climate change, apple production in Himachal Pradesh could decrease by 4% by 2030. In addition, 11.61% of the state will have catastrophic soil erosion in the 2030s. Overall warming in Himachal Pradesh to increase, with Mean Annual Maximum temperature projected to rise by 1.1 – 1.9 degree(s)C for 2021-2050 period relative to 1971-2000.
The study is the first comprehensive integrated analysis involving climate modelling, soil and water assessment, energy modelling as well as field case studies. Climate data at 25 X 25 km resolution was generated for the first time for these two states.
The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) in collaboration with the Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) has completed a study on green growth development that provides insights and recommendations at the national level and particularly, in the states of Punjab and Himachal Pradesh, with the aim of propelling them towards green growth and sustainable development.
In an interaction with a TERI researcher, Hon’ble Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, GoI, Shri Prakash Javadekar (click here to view in full) reaffirmed that the objective of poverty eradication can only be addressed through climate resilient green growth and sustainable development.
As India steps up action following the Paris Climate Agreement, this project hopes to provide national and state level policy makers with new analysis, information and recommendations to design and implement policies and programmes, including the Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDCs) to meet Sustainable Development Goals. The multifarious challenges that the world faces today demand knowledge of climate and development impacts to enable current and new generations of decision-makers to engage and comprehend the complex interactions involving climate change and sustainable development. This project ‘Initiative on Green Growth and Development in India’ bears specific relevance towards the Mission on Strategic Knowledge for Climate Change, one of the eight missions under the National Action Plan on Climate Change.
The project aims at building evidence through rigorous analysis to help formulate policy choices and green growth opportunities at national and sub-national levels. The two-year-long project helps to understand required climate resilient green growth interventions on climate change, natural resource management, sustainable energy and inclusive development. Additionally, policy backgrounders on specific sectors such as industry, air pollution, agriculture, waste management, transport, buildings, and climate change provide a review of long-term sustainability challenges in India and suggest policy action and interventions to tackle these. These can be viewed at the web-link: www.teriin.org/projects/green
The study looks at specific challenges faced by the state governments of Punjab and HP where developmental activities are heavily dependent on the states’ natural resources. In order to understand linkages between development outcomes and green interventions in Himachal Pradesh, the project utilizes three models (climate, soil and water assessment, and energy analysis).
SOURCE The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI)
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