Plastic Diets in Zero Waste Cities are the Solution to Plastic Pollution

BANDUNG, Indonesia, March 9, 2018 /PRNewswire/ — To support the “Three Months Trash-Free Movement” and commemorate the “National Waste Awareness Day 2018”, the Alliance of Zero Waste Indonesia (AZWI) in collaboration with the Directorate General of Waste Management, Hazardous Waste and Hazardous Materials – Ministry of Environment and Forestry, partnered with the West Java Provincial Government, Bandung City Government, Cimahi City Government, and Bandung Regency Government in convening the International Zero Waste Cities Conference (IZWCC) on March 5-7. The Indonesia Plastic Bag Diet Movement (GIDKP) became one of the co-organizers.

The conference was attended by speakers and participants from 12 countries to talk about creating zero waste cities, where every single piece of trash produced in the city biodegrades in nature or circles back to become raw material for production, so that very little trash is sent to landfills.  It is also called the Circular City concept.

One of the most important elements of a zero waste city is to prevent the occurrence of plastic waste, especially single-use disposable ones, as they are mostly un-recycleable. At the IZWCC, we learned from state officials from San Fernando (Philippines), Kerala (India), and San Francisco (USA), how plastic bag bans have been successfully done and even paved the way for limitations on other single-use plastics“, said Tiza Mafira, the Executive Director of the Indonesia Plastic Bag Diet Movement.

The problem of plastic waste, especially single-use plastics like plastic bags, needs to be resolved urgently. Indonesia has a target of 70% reduction in plastic marine debris by 2025 nationally, but has not taken concrete action to prevent plastic waste.

Waste, plastic waste

Meanwhile, local governments have moved ahead of the central government. Banjarmasin City has enacted a plastic bags ban since June 1, 2016.

We saw the opportunity presented by a trial to charge plastic bags in 2016, and took it a step further by banning plastic bags shortly afterwards“, said Hamdi Bin Amak Hasan, Banjarmasin’s Deputy of Economic and Development. “This is one of the ways we are maintaining Banjarmasin City’s reputation as the “City of A Thousand Rivers”. We want our rivers to be free of plastic waste,” he added.

Meanwhile, local governments have moved ahead of the central government. Banjarmasin City has enacted a plastic bags ban since June 1, 2016.


In addition to the city of Banjarmasin, Bandung City, Cimahi City, and Bandung Regency, have also pledged their commitment to reduce plastic bags.

Currently, we are preparing regulations to require shops, such as supermarkets, to no longer use plastic bags,” said Mayor of Cimahi, Ajay M. Priatna, when opening the City Manager Forum event at Cimahi Technopark on 6 March.

The same thing was revealed by the Regent of Bandung on IZWCC’s Village Manager Forum on March 7 at Gedung Sabilulungan, Soreang, “I would like all packaging in Bandung Regency to use materials derived from vegetable materials, such as cassava“, said Dadang M Nasser, the Regent of Bandung.

When the implementation of IZWCC took place, the video of a diver who was diving in the area of Nusa Penida, Bali Island, became viral in social media. This is certainly an international news that makes Indonesia again highlighted the issue of plastic waste in the sea.

Enough is enough, we are shamed in the eyes of the world with images of rivers and seas filled with plastic waste, as if we are not doing anything,” said Rahyang Nusantara, National Coordinator of GIDKP, at the closing of IZWCC at Sabilulungan Building on March 7. “There are many things we are doing in districts/cities, such as in Bandung City, Cimahi City, and Bandung Regency. We are working to reduce plastic waste through plastic bag charges and plastic bags bans, as well as developing zero waste programs at the district/city level. These actions prevent the leakage of plastic waste into rivers and seas in a real way“.

About Indonesia Plastic Bag Diet Movement

Gerakan Indonesia Diet Kantong Plastik (Indonesia Plastic Bag Diet Movement) ‘s petition in 2015, demanding that retailers no longer give out plastic bags for free, gained 70,000 signatures. One months later, the Ministry of Environment and Forestry acknowledged the petition, and immediately rolled out a nationwide trial of a plastic bag charge.  The trial lasted 6 months, and revealed stunning results.  A 55% reduction of plastic bag use.  Consumer awareness of plastic bag problems shot up by 80%.  The majority of consumers across all demographics agreed to bring their own reusable bags to shops.  Up to ten different provinces geared up to create their own local regulations.  And in a stunning show of leadership and decisiveness, Banjarmasin became the first city in Indonesia to ban single use plastic bags in modern retail stores.