As the Earth’s average temperature slowly rises, we begin to experience more natural disasters like floods, hurricanes, and wildfires. If you have plants in your garden, it’s important to take steps to protect them from damage caused by these extreme weather conditions. Below, we’ll share some tips on how to do just that.
1. Choose the Right Plants
Be sure to choose plants native to your area and, therefore, more likely to withstand extreme weather conditions. When selecting plants for your garden, choosing those native to your region is important. These plants will be more likely to have evolved defenses against the local climate conditions, including extremes of temperature and precipitation.
If you live in an area that experiences severe winters, consider planting evergreens, which can provide year-round protection for your other plants. Deciduous trees and shrubs should also be on your list; they may lose their leaves in winter, but their roots will continue to grow, providing essential stability during high winds.
Another factor to consider when choosing plants is their mature size. Smaller plants are more likely to be uprooted by strong winds, so opt for larger specimens whenever possible.
2. Create a Windbreak
One of the best ways to protect your plants from damage caused by high winds is to create a windbreak. You can do this by planting trees or shrubs on the side of your property most exposed to strong winds.
You can also build a physical barrier, such as a fence or wall, to deflect wind away from your garden. You can also use custom tarps or nets to shield plants from wind damage. Whatever method you choose, leave enough space between the windbreak and your plants, so they don’t get damaged by the debris blown against the barrier.
3. Improve Drainage
Heavy rains can cause flooding, damage plant roots, and lead to disease. Ensure your garden has good drainage to protect your plants from this damage. One way to improve drainage is to raise the bed of your garden so that it is higher than the surrounding ground. This will help ensure that water flows away from your plants rather than towards them.
You can also add organic matter, such as compost, to your soil to improve its ability to absorb water. Finally, clear any debris, such as leaves or branches, from gutters and drains so that they are not blocked and water can flow freely away from your home.
4. Provide Shade
Too much sun can damage plants, causing leaves to scorch or wilt. To protect your plants from this damage, provide them with some shade. One way to do this is to plant trees or shrubs on your property’s south- and west-facing sides. This will provide natural shade for your plants during the hottest hours of the day.
You can also use physical barriers, such as shade cloths or umbrellas, to protect the plants from the sun. However, remove these barriers during cold weather so your plants can receive the sunlight they need to grow.
Mulching is a great way to protect your plants from extreme weather conditions. Mulch helps to insulate the roots of plants, keeping them warm in winter and cool in summer. It also helps to prevent soil erosion and can provide some protection against high winds.
When applying mulch, leave a space around the base of each plant so that water can still reach the roots. Also, avoid using mulch made from treated wood, as this can leach chemicals into the soil that can damage your plants.
6. Water Regularly
One of the best ways to protect your plants from extreme weather conditions is to water them regularly. This will help keep the soil moist, insulating the roots and preventing them from drying out.
Be sure to water your plants deeply so that the water reaches the roots. Also, avoid watering in the middle of the day when the sun is hottest, as this can cause leaves to scorch. Instead, water in the morning or evening when it is cooler.
By choosing the right plants, creating a windbreak, improving drainage, providing shade, mulching, and watering regularly, you can protect your plants from extreme weather conditions. These steps can ensure that your garden will thrive no matter what the weather brings.
Author bio: Maggie Bloom graduated from Utah Valley University with a degree in communication and writing. In her spare time, she loves to dance, read, and bake. She also enjoys traveling and scouting out new brunch locations. If you are into video editing and you are looking into how to remove audio from video, Maggie recommends Invideo.