CORVALLIS, Ore. – Tens of thousands of “citizen scientists” have volunteered some use of their personal computer time for this new thing called Weather@Home. All to help researchers create one of the most detailed, high resolution simulations of weather ever done in the Western United States.
The data, obtained through a project called Weather@Home.
For it is an important step forward for scientifically sound. For it’s societally relevant climate science. For researchers say in a an article published in the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. The analysis covered the years 1960-2009 and future projections of 2030-49.
“When you have 30,000 modern laptop computers at work, you can transcend even what a supercomputer can do,” said Philip Mote, professor and director of the Oregon Climate Change Research Institute at Oregon State University, and lead author on the study.
“With this analysis we have 140,000 one-year simulations that show all of the impacts that mountains. Also valleys, coasts and other aspects of terrain. Those that can have on local weather,” he said. “We can drill into local areas. Also ask more specific questions about management implications. Finally and understand the physical and biological climate changes in the West in a way never before possible.”
The sheer number of simulations tends to improve accuracy and reduce the uncertainty associated with this type of computer analysis, experts say. The high resolution also makes it possible to better consider the multiple climate forces at work in the West. For example, coastal breezes. Also fog, cold air in valleys. Furthermore, sunlight being reflected off snow. Finally, vegetation that ranges from wet, coastal rain forests to ice-covered mountains. Moreover and arid scrublands within a comparatively short distance.
Although more accurate than previous simulations, improvements are still necessary, researchers say.
Weather@Home tends to be too cool in a few mountain ranges and too warm in some arid plains, such as the Snake River plain and Columbia plateau, especially in summer. While other models have similar errors, Weather@Home offers the unique capability to improve simulations by improving the physics in the model.
Ultimately, this approach will help improve future predictions of regional climate. The social awareness of these issues has “matured to the point that numerous public agencies, businesses and investors are asking detailed questions about the future impacts of climate change,” the researchers wrote in their report.
In addition, this has led to a skyrocketing demand for detailed answers to specific questions. For example, what’s the risk of a flood in a particular area?
Also what will be future wind speeds as wind farms are developed?
Furthermore, how should roads and bridges be built to handle extremely intense rainfall? There will be questions about heat stress on humans, the frequency of droughts, future sea levels and the height of local storm surges.
This type of analysis, and more like it, will help answer some of those questions, researchers say.
New participants in this ongoing research are always welcome, officials said. If interested in participating, anyone can go online to “climateprediction.net” and click on “join.” They should then follow the instructions to download and install BOINC, a program that manages the tasks; create an account; and select a project. Participation inclimateprediction.net is available, as well as many others.
Most importantly, the work has been supported by Microsoft Corp., the U.S. Bureau of Land Management, the California Energy Commission, the U.S. Geological Survey and the USDA.
Collaborators on the report were from OSU, Oxford University in the United Kingdom. Also, the Met Office Hadley Centre in the United Kingdom.
Image Source:: A digital graphic of terrain elevations used in this research is available online:https://flic.kr/p/HTiXk2
Source: Oregon State University,
By David Stauth, This story is available online: http://bit.ly/21asW6d
Finally, the study this story is based on is available online: http://bit.ly/1RYmqsF