Gasoline-powered vehicles continue to dominate the auto industry, but major automakers worldwide are scrambling to design and distribute electric vehicles to meet a significant increase in consumer demand. Although the first electric car was developed in the nineteenth century, consumers have been hesitant to go electric until recently. However, technological advancements in the last twenty years have improved the vehicles’ range, appearance and availability of charging options. You can examine how electric vehicles benefit the environment in the following sections.

2021 Chevy Bolt. Photo courtesy of Chevrolet.

Fossil Fuel Conservation

Oil is a non-renewable resource that will eventually run dry. However, we continue to rely on it heavily for our transportation needs. Although petroleum can be used for several purposes, the world uses two-thirds of the yearly supply on transportation alone. Electric vehicles (EVs) don’t require gasoline or oil to operate, and their proliferation will help conserve a valuable natural resource. By charging an EV at a charging station or home garage powered by solar cells, you can save even more natural resources. Most utility companies use coal or natural gas to produce power. Therefore, charging your car at a location connected to the power grid is still using fossil fuels to power your car. However, more companies are constructing solar charging stations. Residential areas across the country have seen an enormous spike in solar power system purchases.

Zero Emissions

Until recently, electric motors and their components were more expensive to manufacture, and the high cost was passed on to the car buyer. In the early twenty-first century, car buyers were more likely to secure an auto loan for a gas-powered car than an electric one. Now, EV sales are surging, and the general public has become more accepting of green transportation. One of the greatest advantages of eco-friendly transportation is the lack of pollution. EVs are zero-emission vehicles that can help reduce the harmful effects of petroleum particulates on humans and the earth.

In 1990, California’s air quality was worse than the remaining forty-nine states combined. The California Air Resources Board (CARB) began addressing the toxic smog problem by convincing g automakers to provide an electric option for California residents. After thirty years of advancing various electric vehicle mandates, the state has improved its air quality considerably. As a result, the smog has dissipated.

Environmental Impact Reduction

Government regulations have increased public awareness and therefore gas-powered cars emit fewer pollutants into the atmosphere than previous designs. But, cars continue to have a profound effect on the environment. Vehicles powered by internal combustion engines are complex machines that require frequent maintenance and replacement parts. Some parts and spent fluids from car repairs are recycled and used again, but many end up in a landfill. In comparison, EVs don’t require oil changes, and with fewer moving parts, the vehicles require less maintenance.

Electric car charging. Photo courtesy of

Climate Change 

Many countries have included EV mandates in their legislation to improve air quality and reduce emissions that can contribute to climate change. The effects of climate change have convinced governments and automakers to increase electric vehicle production. By increasing the number of zero-emission vehicles on the road, large cities can reduce the pollutants that impact climate change. After GM’s announcement that it plans to go fully electric by 2035, more automakers are likely to follow with similar initiatives.

Noise Reduction

Although the decibel level from an electric car has received less attention than its other advantages, the quiet engine has a positive effect on the environment. The sound from a gas-powered motor doesn’t damage the earth directly, but it affects the wildlife and humans living in it. Noise ordinances and mechanical innovations have quieted the gas-powered engines, but massive cities continue to struggle with unhealthy decibel levels. Electric engines can lower an area’s noise level and improve conditions for nearby wildlife habitats.

There are many positive effects that EVs have have on the environment. It’s evident that green vehicle production will only increase in the coming years. Eventually, electric vehicles will outsell gas-powered ones.

Author: Finnegan Pierson